Aluminum alloy doors and windows It is the basic equipment of general housing, and it is also an important element that endangers light, natural ventilation and comfort. Have you mastered the relevant design specifications of aluminum alloy doors and windows?
1. Window sill height
In general residential buildings, the height of windowsill is not less than 0.8m. When the height of windowsill is less than 0.8m, protective measures should be taken. In commercial buildings, the height of windowsill varies from 1.0 m to 1.8 M. the bottom height of the window opening to the public passageway should not be less than 2.0m.
2. Window height
In general residential buildings, the height of the window is 1.5m, and the balcony height is 0.8m, then the window top is 2.2m away from the wood floor. The height of the window should be decided according to the requirements of lighting, natural ventilation and brand image of indoor space. However, the problem of excessive bending stiffness of windows should be paid attention to, and load-bearing beams or "splicing" should be added. In commercial buildings, the height of a whole piece of laminated glass has exceeded 7.1m, which does not belong to the category of ordinary windows.
3. Window width
Generally, the window width starts from 0.6m. According to the requirements of the hole edge standard of residential building code, the width displacement coefficient of general engineering construction hole edge is 300 mm, that is, the general width is 600mm, 900mm, 1200mm, 1500mm, etc. It should be noted that when the door opening is too wide, the longitudinal main keel or "splicing" should be added, otherwise the bending stiffness problem of the window will be very easy to occur.
4. Door height
The height of the door for people to travel is generally not less than 1 m, and the height is not suitable for more than 2.2 m, otherwise there is a sense of crack, and the door leaf manufacturing needs to be greatly improved. For example, when modeling design, natural ventilation and lighting, waist window can be added beside the door, and the height is from 0.2m, but it is not suitable to be too high.
The door for the vehicle or machine equipment shall be determined according to the detailed conditions, and its height shall be 0.3-0.5m higher than that of the vehicle or machine equipment, so as to prevent the door frame from hitting when the vehicle is shaking or the machine equipment needs to pad the barrel for transportation. For all kinds of vehicle driving static air provisions, to check the relative standards.
If it is a stadium, exhibition living room, such as the approximate volume, large capacity housing construction, when setting the door beyond the limit, you can add a basic specification of the auxiliary door on the door leaf, so that you can drive when the gate does not need to be opened.
At present, there are many inspection doors for all kinds of machinery and equipment pipeline wells in engineering buildings, which are not often based on the area. Therefore, the upper frame height is generally equal to or lower than the general door, and the door sill with the same height as the foundation line is reserved below. The floor height is not limited to 1 m, 1.5 m up and down. The hotel rooms are more than 2 meters high.
5. Width of door
General housing single independent door 0.9 ~ 1 meters, room doors 0.8 ~ 0.8 meters, kitchen sliding doors 0.8 meters up and down, toilet doors 0.7 ~ 0.8 meters, because of considering the move in of postmodern furniture, now more limited specifications are adopted. The door width of commercial buildings is generally 1 m for single door and 1.2-1.8 m for double door. If the width is wider, it is necessary to consider the manufacture of door leaf. The width of double door or multi door is 0.6-1.0m. In general, the width of the door leaf of guest room is more than or equal to 0.8m, and the width of door leaf of toilet is more than or equal to 0.75m.
The width of the emergency exit for safe evacuation shall be set according to the requirements of calculation and standards (relevant fire codes). The width of the door for maintenance of the tube well is generally 0.6m. In addition to its own width, there is only a gap of 0.3-0.5m on each side of the door for motor vehicles or machinery and equipment.
6. Maintenance of aluminum alloy doors and windows
Dust on aluminum alloy doors and windows should be cleaned on time to maintain the cleaning and brightness of aluminum alloy doors and windows, laminated glass and hardware. If the environment on the aluminum alloy doors and windows is polluted with oil stains and other articles that can not be cleaned, it is not allowed to use strong alkali or strong acid water solution to carry out cleaning, otherwise, it is very easy to damage the surface smoothness of aluminum profiles, but also damage the protective film and air oxidation layer on the surface of hardware parts, resulting in the rust of hardware parts.
When opening aluminum alloy doors and windows, the amplitude should be moderate, and the rate of opening and closing should be balanced as much as possible. Try to reduce the impact of hard and solid objects on aluminum alloy doors and windows or scratch the surface of aluminum profiles.
The dirt such as particles inside the frame should be removed immediately to prevent it from blocking the safe passage of the drainage pipe and causing blockage and water seepage of the drainage pipe. If it is found that the aluminum alloy doors and windows are not easy to open or other abnormal phenomena in the whole application process, the cause should be immediately searched. If the customer can not detect the fault, contact the aluminum alloy door and window manufacturer and dealer, so that the common faults can be eliminated immediately. It is important to pay attention to the purchase of ten major brands of windows and doors, and the quality relativity is relatively guaranteed.